HIV Foundation Health Find Out How to Take Control of Your Health!

Find Out How to Take Control of Your Health!

Mаnу оf uѕ wоuld think thеrе іѕ a better wау, especially аftеr doing thе ѕаmе thіng оvеr fоr ѕuсh a lоng tіmе аnd nоthіng hаѕ changed fоr thе better. It’s thе old saying: If уоu kеер оn doing whаt you’ve аlwауѕ dоnе уоu wіll оnlу gеt whаt уоu аlwауѕ hаd. Nоthіng lеѕѕ, nоthіng mоrе аnd thе ѕаmе applies tо оur health. Wе place mаnу important matters аѕ fіrѕt priority іn оur lives whісh hаvе mоѕt likely nоthіng tо dо wіth оur health оr well-being. At thе ѕаmе tіmе wе аrе conscious оf things like hоw wе feel, hоw wе look, staying healthy, аnd having a lоng life.

Dealing wіth аnу health issue саn оftеn bе compared paddling a canoe аgаіnѕt a strong current; аlthоugh уоu аrе constantly paddling уоu аrе nоt moving forward tо reach thаt target уоu aim fоr. Thеrе саn bе ѕеvеrаl reasons thаt аrе holding уоu bасk аgаіnѕt thаt current, оr іt соuld gеt worse аnd уоu start slowly drifting backward.

Thіѕ оnе іѕ totally оut оf control!

Obesity: Whу obesity уоu mау say? Bесаuѕе obesity іѕ thе major trigger point tо аѕ mаnу diseases аnd illness аѕ аnуоnе саn think оf. Thіѕ іѕ nо longer just affecting people іn thе richer countries. Obesity hаѕ struck іn thе developing world аѕ well; іt quadrupled tо аlmоѕt a billion bеtwееn 1980 аnd 2008. According tо a London-based institute report mоrе thаn a thіrd оf adults аrоund thе world (1.46 billion people) wеrе obese оr overweight. Wіthіn thе ѕаmе tіmе frame thе figure rose frоm 321 million tо 557 million іn thе western world. Suсh a fast growing rate оf overweight аnd obesity іѕ mоrе thаn just alarming. Thіѕ trend, globally, wіll ѕее a huge increase іn thе number оf people suffering certain types оf cancer, strokes, diabetes, heart-disease еtс. Unfortunately mаnу people haven’t thе choices available аѕ wе hаvе іn thе western world tо select оf whаt іѕ healthy аnd whаt іѕ nоt. Thіѕ іѕ thе point whеrе taking control оf уоur health muѕt begin!

Choose wіth уоur brain, nоt уоur emotion!

Evеrуthіng уоu buy уоu аrе making a choice. Yоu can’t choose nоt tо buy, but уоu саn choose whаt tо buy. Sure, іt іѕ hard tо choose аgаіnѕt уоur wіll whеn thе mind іѕ telling уоu ѕоmеthіng different bу powerful hormonal аnd hunger signals; but wіth determination уоu саn override thеm bу accepting hunger аѕ a physical sensation аnd awareness оf уоur emotional response tо іt. What’s thе worst thаt саn happen? Yоu wіll gеt bасk оn track аnd stop thаt kilo сrіb. Don’t try tо fіnd аn easy wау, thеrе іѕ nо ѕuсh thіng! If уоu аrе thinking аbоut diving іntо аnу medication tо help thаt craving fоr food, tаkе a step bасk аnd dо ѕоmе critical thinking. Fіnd уоur оwn niche. Thеrе іѕ nо ѕuсh thіng whеrе оnе ѕуѕtеm suits аll. Whаtеvеr уоu choose make sure іt іѕ easy fоr уоu tо continue аnd уоu feel comfortable wіth whаt уоu аrе doing ѕо уоu аrе able tо reach уоur goal. Wе muѕt fully understand thаt change іѕ necessary bеfоrе wе саn look іn tо thе future wіth thе best possible results. Tо gеt іn better shape, lose weight, feel better, аnd bесоmе healthier уоu need tо tаkе action!

People аrе dying frоm lack оf knowledge!

Educate уоurѕеlf аbоut food. Nоt еvеrу food іѕ good food аnd nоt еvеrуthіng уоu eat wіll соmе wіth a handy calorie label. All оf thіѕ bесоmеѕ a large раrt whеn taking control оf уоur health. It іѕ natural thаt уоur bоdу wіll crave fоr sugar аnd fat; уоu hаvе tо face uр tо thіѕ аnd realise уоu can’t continue eating thе ѕаmе аѕ уоu hаvе іn thе past.

Lots оf exercise оr starving уоurѕеlf іѕ nоt thе answer tо lose weight. Thіѕ wіll bе a total failure аnd wіll worsen уоur health situation. Don’t gо fоr total denial оf food уоu аlwауѕ liked. Whаt уоu muѕt dо іѕ having smaller portions, thе “Meal Size”, аnd dо іt gradually. Overeating іѕ thе mоѕt prevalent health issue, bесаuѕе іt іѕ vеrу easy tо overeat wіthоut noticing іt аnd thе brain let уоu think іt іѕ normal. Hеrе іѕ аnоthеr issue thаt concerns ѕоmе: Thеrе ѕееmѕ thіѕ myth оf people thinking thеу аrе a captive tо thеіr genes аѕ thіѕ hаѕ bееn proven thrоugh mаnу genetic studies. In fact, thаt уоu mау hаvе a genetic predisposition fоr аn illness does nоt mеаn thаt уоu аrе going tо gеt іt. Bесаuѕе уоur father suffered frоm prostate cancer оr уоu hаvе a family history оf arthritis оr obesity, оr уоur mother suffered frоm breast cancer does nоt mеаn thаt уоu wіll suffer thаt ѕаmе fate.

Tаkе control, оnlу уоu саn dо іt!

Thousands оf dollars bеіng wasted оn health schemes, аnd уеt ѕоmе оf thе best approaches tо health care оr health improvement іѕ cheap, it’s simple аnd affordable. Thе science hаѕ reported іt loud аnd clear fоr mаnу years nоw, providing thе right food fоr thе bоdу іѕ thе key issue. Althоugh wіth thе availability іn thе hundreds оf vitamins аnd supplement brands аnd thousands оf different formulations іt bесоmеѕ difficult іn knowing whаt works best. Onе оf thе mоѕt important essentials fоr optimal health іѕ fatty acids; omega-3 fat іѕ thе mоѕt important оnе tо include іn tо уоur daily diet. Thе right supplements аrе оf great benefits but thеу ѕhоuld nеvеr bе used аѕ a substitute fоr a nutritious meal. Thе mоѕt important step tо a healthier life аnd tо tаkе control оf уоur health іѕ thе change tо a healthy diet.

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Osteoarthritis in the knee: How stem cells can repair damaged cartilageOsteoarthritis in the knee: How stem cells can repair damaged cartilage

It crunches and cracks, and some movements during exercise are really painful. When the knee shows signs of wear and tear, those affected want a miracle cure that rebuilds the cartilage. Hope rests on stem cells.

  • The body’s own stem cells have a positive effect on osteoarthritis-related inflammation in the knee.
  • A study now wants to clarify whether they actually build up permanent cartilage.
  • A transplant can repair minor cartilage damage in young patients.

After a certain age, signs of wear and tear become noticeable in the knee . After the age of 30, the risk increases linearly. The painful, inflammatory breakdown of cartilage in the operating room and with an artificial knee ends 150,000 times a year. Then smooth metal has to replace the cartilage layer, which allows round, painless movements in a healthy knee.

The idea frightens many people suffering from osteoarthritis. They hope for new methods to rebuild lost cartilage: stem cells should help.

Belly fat provides the best stem cell material

The doctor uses the patient’s belly fat as a starting material. The idea behind it: stem cells can be obtained particularly easily and in relatively large numbers from vascular fat tissue. Injected at the location of the defect, they learn from the microenvironment into which cell type they should develop.

According to this principle, the doctor and stem cell researcher Eckhard Alt uses the undifferentiated cells : Stem cells from the patient’s fat tissue are processed in the operating room within an hour and injected into the patient where he needs them – for example into the osteoarthritis knee.

The founder of the “Interdisciplinary Stem Cells Research Center” in Houston and a private clinic in Munich sees stem cells as the future therapy for chronic inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system – among other things.

The cell extract in the knee does not guarantee success

Some orthopedic practices that offer the procedure honestly state that it is a not generally recognized attempt at healing with no guarantee of success. Rather, it is a final experimental attempt to remedy knee problems without a joint replacement.

“In this so-called ‘point-of-care’ application, a cell extract is injected that not only consists of stem cells,” explains Oliver Pullig from the Fraunhofer Translational Center for Regenerative Medicine in Würzburg. How many stem cells that are supposed to develop into cartilage material actually get into the knee is just as little regulated as the preparation of the suctioned off belly fat.

Development of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis most commonly occurs on the fingers, thumbs, knees, hips and big toes.

Arthrosis is always preceded by cartilage damage. Cartilage is considered to be a “shock absorber” for the joints. Initially, the damage to the cartilage is often superficial and limited to a small area. In the advanced stage, the symptoms worsen. Tension pain occurs and the joints change.

The joints react to the cartilage damage with pain, swelling or inflammation.

Stem cells instead of knee prostheses

A Europe-wide study is currently looking for scientific evidence of the anti-osteoarthritis potential of the body’s own stem cells.

A small one with six patients in Würzburg and twelve in Montpellier, France, led to success in 2013: Almost all participants canceled their previously unavoidable operation for a knee prosthesis. “Your complaints had improved throughout,” explains Oliver Pullig. “A reconstruction of cartilage was unlikely with such a large damage.”

The follow-up study that has just begun with 153 participants at ten European locations therefore fulfills a requirement that the German study director Ulrich Nöth from the Evangelical Forest Hospital Berlin-Spandau formulated back then: Stem cell therapy is best suited for patients with middle and middle-aged osteoarthritis. You are no longer eligible for a cartilage transplant, but you are too young to have an artificial joint.

New cartilage from stem cells? A study should show it

Like the pilot study, the ADIPOA2 study uses so-called mesenchymal stem cells from the abdominal fat of each subject. These precursor cells of the connective tissue have the ability to develop into cartilage, bone or fat cells.

Biologist Oliver Pullig explains: “We take 100 milliliters of belly fat from each participant. The stem cells obtained from this are multiplied millions of times in special laboratories. That takes a good two weeks. 51 patients then receive two million of these pure stem cells injected into the joint, 51 patients receive an injection with 10 million cells and 51 patients receive a placebo. “

Results should be available by the end of 2018, and thus scientific proof of whether stem cells fulfill the hope of permanently building cartilage. The scientist is optimistic: “If successful, the therapy with stem cells as a drug could be ready for the market at the next study level. It doesn’t take five years. “

Cartilage transplant only helps to a limited extent

Another method to restore lost cartilage is transplantation, which has been tried and tested for 20 years. So far, however, it has only been successful in the case of centimeter damage in an otherwise intact knee. The operation is laborious and the healing process long.

In the first keyhole surgery, the doctor removes a small piece of healthy cartilage, hardly larger than a grain of rice. These cartilage cells are propagated in the laboratory in three to four weeks. In a second operation, the surgeon places these cells or the cartilage patch on the defective area in the knee.

After that, the knee must not be subjected to any load for six weeks, then only lightly for another six weeks. Only after a year is the joint stable enough for sport to be possible.

Cartilage from the laboratory is expensive

The transplant is only suitable for younger knee patients whose cartilage and joints are free from osteoarthritis. If this therapy is successful, it can prevent further cartilage damage and a later threatened knee prosthesis.

Then, in the long term, the costs of several thousand euros for cells grown in a laboratory will pay off.

Hyaluronic acid can at least relieve pain

If these methods are out of the question, another remedy can help: synthetic hyaluronic acid is often misunderstood as a substance for building up cartilage. However, it cannot produce worn cartilage, but serves as a lubricant and for joint care.

Orthopedic surgeons inject the moisture-retaining gel three to five times at weekly intervals. Hyaluronic acid relieves pain and promotes mobility – permanently for some patients, at least for a year or two for others. Then the treatment can be repeated.

Stomach cancer emerges years beforehand – these symptoms must be taken seriouslyStomach cancer emerges years beforehand – these symptoms must be taken seriously

Stomach cancer is not as common as colon or breast cancer, but its prognosis is less favorable. FOCUS Online explains the reasons why early detection is therefore particularly important, the current therapies and what belongs to prevention.

Stomach cancer is not uncommon, with around 15,000 new cases per year on the list of carcinomas. 9,300 men and 5,600 women are affected. The cause of the gender difference is currently unknown.

Stomach cancer is not one of the most common cancers, but the chances of survival are not good. Two thirds ultimately die of the tumor disease. “We have to assume that three out of four patients will only be diagnosed in a locally extended or even metastatic situation,” reports Michael Stahl, head of the Clinic for Internal Oncology at the Evangelical Clinics Essen-Mitte (KEM).

This late diagnosis means that three quarters of the patients have a poor prognosis and cannot be cured with an operation alone, summarizes the oncologist, who is among other things the author responsible for the German guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal cancer and a member of the lead group of the working group for internal oncology for carcinomas of the stomach and esophagus.

Cause of stomach cancer unknown but there are risk factors

“The only good relative risk factor for stomach cancer is the stomach germ Helicobacter pylori”, the expert clarifies. That would be risk factor number 1.

However, around a quarter of Germans are infected with this bacterium, but only a fraction of them develop gastric cancer. Why they get sick is not yet fully understood, just as much is still unknown about the causes of stomach cancer.

There is also evidence that smoking increases the risk. And what about alcohol? “However, there is no meaningful evidence that alcohol also increases the risk of stomach cancer,” adds the oncologist. However, it can lead to gastric mucosal inflammation, i.e. gastritis, up to and including gastric ulcer (ulcer).

Chronic gastric mucosal inflammation and reflux disease could in turn increase the risk of stomach cancer at the junction with the esophagus.

Stomach cancer can also develop from previous operations on the stomach.

The reflux of bile is also considered a risk factor. This danger arises from being very overweight.

And on the subject of obesity and nutrition: Scientists assume that a one-sided diet with a lot of processed meat products, heavily salted, but also smoked and grilled foods promote stomach cancer – keyword nitrosamines, which are known to be carcinogenic. Rotten and moldy foods pose a general health risk, also with regard to stomach cancer.

Stomach cancer with certain genetic changes

In addition, there are genetic components in the development of gastric cancer: first-degree relatives (children, siblings) of patients with gastric cancer have an increased risk – i.e. if the father, mother or sibling are ill. In addition, stomach cancer can occur if a certain form of colon cancer is already present (hereditary colorectal cancer) or breast cancer.

These are patients with changes in their genetic makeup, for example what is known as microsatellite instability (MSI). You are at an increased risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the stomach and intestines. “Doctors should keep this in mind if a patient has a colon cancer with microsatellite instability , or if there are multiple carcinomas in the family,” emphasizes the Essen-based oncologist.

However, all of these are only possible risk factors. “Of most patients who fall ill, we don’t know why, because none of these risk factors apply to them,” summarizes Michael Stahl.

Look out for these warning signs

Besides this, there is the second difficulty in gastric cancer – late diagnosis. This is because the symptoms are rather unspecific, affecting the stomach, but are often dismissed as harmless everyday complaints. Early signs can be:

  • Feeling of fullness, pressure in the stomach
  • general upper abdominal discomfort
  • Eructation
  • nausea
  • Vomit
  • Flatulence
  • Loss of appetite

“Anyone who has one or more of these complaints for more than three weeks should have them checked out by a doctor,” advises Michael Stahl.

Do not treat persistent stomach problems with acid blockers on your own initiative

However, many sufferers do not take these symptoms seriously and try to relieve them first with self-medication – wasting valuable time on early cancer therapy and thus a high chance of recovery.

They resort to gastric acid blockers that are available over the counter or prescribed by doctors. The pain will actually go away. “Cancer itself does not cause the pain at the beginning of the disease, rather the mucous membrane defect it causes is irritated by stomach acid – and that triggers the pain,” explains the expert.

This pain disappears when the stomach acid is blocked because it no longer irritates the mucous membrane. The cancer growth is not influenced by this, the tumor can spread undisturbed.

The most important diagnostic tool – gastroscopy

The oncologist therefore urgently recommends that the complaints be clarified by a quality-assured endoscopy, i.e. in a gastroenterological practice that carries out these examinations on a daily basis or in an appropriate center.

The gastroscopy only takes a few minutes; the doctor can not only check the condition of the esophagus and stomach up to the duodenum, but can also test whether Helicobacter is present and possibly take additional tissue samples.

Usually no tumor is discovered, but rather the stomach germ or an enlargement or relocation of the area between the stomach and esophagus (hernia), which can cause reflux. A change in diet can help here or medication may be necessary. Sometimes, however, the doctor finds stomach cancer, “and more and more often in the transition area to the esophagus,” reports the expert from the practice.

The reason for this is that there are more and more people who are very overweight. “Being overweight puts pressure on the abdominal cavity, which is why bile acids and stomach acids flow back into the transition area to the esophagus, which is not designed for frequent contact with these acids and is therefore damaged,” says Michael Stahl, summarizing the chain of reactions.

How stomach cancer spreads

The treatment depends on the severity of the disease (grading):

  • Whether the carcinoma is limited to the mucous membrane,
  • already affects the underlying muscle
  • in addition, the outer connective tissue of the stomach
  • surrounding organs
  • Lymph nodes
  • Has metastasized.

In Asian countries, where the risk of stomach cancer is very high and gastric cancer screening is therefore carried out regularly, the cancer can often be detected early. If the diagnosis “stomach cancer” is made in the early stages, i.e. only the mucous membrane is affected, there is a high chance of recovery.

Unfortunately, this is extremely rare in Germany, explains the oncologist. In this country, stomach cancer is usually only discovered when it has worked its way deeper into the tissue or has already broken through the stomach. This is also the reason why the prognosis for stomach cancer in Germany is so unfavorable – the cancer is recognized very late.

Stomach cancer does not depend on age

How long the time span between gastric cancer in its initial stage and the appearance of metastases cannot be answered. However, Michael Stahl points out in this context that it is a cancer myth that the tumor only grows slowly in the elderly. “We also have elderly patients with rapidly growing stomach cancer, and young ones,” he warns. Young people should also take stomach problems seriously and not dismiss them: “I’m only 35, it can’t be something bad, like cancer.”

Treatments for stomach cancer – chemotherapy plus surgery

Only in the early stages, i.e. when stomach cancer is limited to the mucous membrane, surgery alone is the method of choice. Then it is the only way to cure the patient.

Most patients, however, need more than the operation, the scientist reports. For locally advanced tumors (without metastasis), treatment consists of chemotherapy, surgery and renewed chemotherapy. Chemotherapy before the operation is intended to shrink the tumor and combat (invisible) metastases at an early stage.

Antibody therapy for HER2-positive gastric cancer

In addition, chemotherapy plus antibody therapy with so-called HER2 antibodies is used for certain forms of metastatic gastric cancer. In around 20 percent of gastric cancer patients, HER2 receptors (HER2-positive gastric cancer) are found in particularly large numbers on the cancer cells. They are docking points for growth factors. Occupied by the special antibodies, tumor growth can slow down significantly.

By the way, HER2 receptors are also found on breast cancer cells, keyword HER2-positive breast cancer. This is where this antibody therapy, which incidentally does not count among the immunotherapies, was first used.

In addition, attempts are being made in Germany, the scientist reports, to treat HER2-positive gastric cancer with HER2 antibodies plus immunotherapy. Scientists hope that this will enable them to offer equivalent treatment without chemotherapy in the future. However, the effect of this combination of therapies has not yet been proven.

Immunotherapies for gastric cancer do not (yet) meet expectations

In some forms of cancer such as melanoma or lung cancer, immunotherapies, for example with checkpoint inhibitors, are considered particularly successful today. These drugs are also currently being tested in studies for gastric cancer .

“Unfortunately, the first results are sobering,” reports the scientist. He and his colleagues had hoped that immunotherapy could improve the effect of chemo, but this was not confirmed. “If, however, all therapy options have already been exhausted in a patient, more can be achieved with immunotherapy than without further tumor-specific treatment,” reports Michael Stahl about the studies.

The problem with this is that it is currently difficult to predict in which patients the immunotherapy will work and which will not. Only in the few patients (less than ten percent of all patients with gastric cancer) whose tumors show what is known as high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) can one predict that immunotherapy has a high chance of effectiveness. Overall, the risk of severe side effects under immunotherapy is significantly lower than under chemotherapy, namely 20 percent instead of 60 percent.

The prognosis for gastric cancer is poor because the patients are late

How successful are the therapies at a glance? “The chances of a cure for stomach cancer are on average 25 to 30 percent; if stomach cancer is metastatic, the average life expectancy is one year,” reports Michael Stahl. The prognosis is only very good at a very early stage. However, patients with gastric cancer in this easily curable stage would be the exception in practice because many go to the doctor too late.

Prevention of stomach cancer – three measures

This makes provision and prevention all the more important. This includes, on the one hand, having longer stomach complaints clarified by a gastroscopy – and it does not matter how old the person affected is.

On the other hand, everyone should pay attention to the following three factors. Because little is known about the development of stomach cancer, so few are:

  1. Pay attention to food hygiene, do not eat spoiled food, nothing that is moldy
  2. Do not smoke
  3. Avoid being overweight

This can not only protect the stomach, but is known to promote general health – not smoking and maintaining a normal weight are among the most important preventive measures against cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke, but also against cancer.

Total Health and Fitness Diet Meal Plan and Does it Work for Weight Loss?Total Health and Fitness Diet Meal Plan and Does it Work for Weight Loss?

The cornerstone of any good health plan is eating sensibly. Eating sensibly is not an easy task: you need to keep track of calories and create dishes that satisfy your cravings while following a strict meal plan. The Total Health and Fitness simplifies the process by creating dynamic meal plans for you, which include shopping lists and detailed preparation instructions. It even guides you when you’re dining out.

Foods to eat

A healthy eating plan involves incorporating foods you enjoy into your diet. Choose foods with low-calories, lots of fiber, and low-fat protein to keep your hunger at bay. You can also buy pre-cut, pre-washed salads and frozen vegetables, which you can pop in your refrigerator. You can also purchase pre-cut vegetables and fruits or veggie trays.

Best weight loss: Calorie-controlled diet plan can help shift 10lb in one week | Express.co.uk

Exercises to do

To get the most benefits from a Total Health and Fitness diet, you should start by incorporating some exercise into your daily routine. Choosing an exercise that you enjoy will help you stick to it and see results more quickly. Incorporate some cardiovascular exercises, like cycling or jogging, into your routine on several days a week. Cycling improves your cardiovascular fitness, and can also help you lose weight. There are many stationary bikes available in gyms and at home.

Nutritionist

A diet plan is a vital part of any health program. Following a diet plan that counts calories and does not satisfy you takes commitment and discipline. This program simplifies nutrition planning by creating dynamic meal plans, complete with detailed preparation instructions and shopping lists. It can even help you with dining out! But how do you know that it will actually work for you? Here are some tips to help you make a successful transition.

Registered dietitian

A registered dietitian will create a personalized nutrition plan for you based on your lifestyle, health status, and goals. They also understand that weight loss is not a one-size-fits-all plan. A registered dietitian specializes in the management of obesity and other health conditions. Her mission is to help you lose weight and improve your overall health.

A dietitian is trained to provide nutritional advice and education to people of all ages and backgrounds. During one-on-one counseling sessions, she can help clients set realistic goals and tailor a personalized game plan to meet their needs. Dietitians can also help clients stay motivated and accountable, and they can make modifications to their plans as needed. Registered dietitians generally work in a clinic, though some are virtual.

Naturopathic doctor

The naturopathic doctor’s total health and fitness diet meal plan focuses on addressing the body’s nutrient levels and other comorbid conditions. This includes the gastrointestinal tract, the endocrine system, and the individual’s psychologic stress level. Treatments may include nutritional supplements, herbal medicines, and judicious use of bioidentical hormone therapy. Diet and exercise recommendations are also common. Treatments may include counseling on stress management and diet modification.

This diet follows the six guiding principles of naturopathic medicine, which include the prevention of disease and the maintenance of overall health. The typical meal consists of fifty percent organic vegetables, 25 percent whole grains, and 25 percent protein. Meals may also include nuts and seeds. If your doctor recommends a particular diet plan, ask the doctor about it before you decide to adopt it.